EISENHOWER, DWIGHT DAVID°

EISENHOWER, DWIGHT DAVID° (1890–1969), U.S. soldier, supreme commander of the Allies' European Theater of Operations during World War II, and 34th president of the United States. During World War II, he commanded the U.S. troops in the United Kingdom, and then the Allied forces landing in North Africa. There he pressured the French authorities to annul the anti-Jewish laws of the Vichy regime. As supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, Eisenhower led the Normandy invasion in 1944. After the German surrender one of his first acts was to void all Nazi racial and antisemitic legislation. Eisenhower's armies liberated tens of thousands of Jews in concentration camps. Upon the discovery of the remnant who refused to return to their native lands, and after pressure from President Harry Truman, he created the unprecedented position of adviser to the commanding general on Jewish affairs to speed the handling of the Jewish survivors. Chaplain Judah Naidich first filled the post and was succeeded by a series of civilians beginning with Judge simon h. rifkind . Separate displaced persons camps were created for Jews to improve their physical, cultural, and spiritual conditions. Eisenhower also ordered the admission into these camps of tens of thousands of Jews fleeing from Poland and Eastern Europe after the war (see berihah ). In October 1945 Eisenhower received David Ben-Gurion and acceded to his request for planes to bring Hebrew teachers and agricultural instructors   from Palestine to the camps, thus facilitating the later immigration of the displaced persons to Palestine. During Eisenhower's presidential terms of office (1953– 61), hundreds of millions of dollars in grants-in-aid were extended to Israel. An atomic energy agreement with Israel provided for training Israeli scientists and making heavy water available. Military equipment sent to Israel included training aircraft, signal supplies, and spare parts and ammunition. Relations between Eisenhower's administration and Israel reached their lowest ebb during and after the sinai campaign of October 1956, when the U.S. took the lead in the UN in demanding the withdrawal of Israeli forces, even threatening sanctions. Upon Israel's withdrawal, Eisenhower affirmed that Israel would have no cause to regret its decision, and pledged support for Israel's national existence and internal development. American policy, he stated, viewed the Gulf of Akaba and the Suez Canal as international waterways. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Finer, Dulles over Suez (1964); J. Nadich, Eisenhower and the Jews (1953). (Judah Nadich)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Eisenhower,Dwight David — Ei·sen·how·er (īʹzən hou ər), Dwight David. Known as “Ike.” 1890 1969. American general and the 34th President of the United States (1953 1961). As supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force (1943 1945) he launched the invasion of… …   Universalium

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David — (“Ike”) (1890 1969)    34th president of the United States. Born in Denison, Texas, Dwight D. (“Ike”) Eisenhower graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1915 and was commissioned in the infantry. During World War I, Eisenhower remained in… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David — (1890–1969)    Thirty fourth president of the United States. As supreme commander of the Allied forces in the invasion of Europe, General Eisenhower showed great humanity and sympathy in Jewish matters. On the German surrender, he immediately had …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David — (1890–1969)    As Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in World War II, General Eisenhower, the future 34th president of the United States, had been given information about the Nazi concentration camp system well before he led the …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David — ► (1890 1969) General estadounidense. Comandante supremo aliado en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, dirigió las invasiones del norte de África (1942) e Italia (1943) y el desembarco de Normandía (1944), que condujo a la victoria final aliada. Fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David —  (1890–1969) U.S. general and president (1953–1961) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Dwight David Eisenhower — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Eisenhower. Dwight David Eisenhower …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dwight David Eisenhower — US Präsident Dwight D. Eisenhower (offizielles Foto) Dwight „Ike“ David Eisenhower (* 14. Oktober 1890 in Denison, Texas; † 28. März 1969 in Washington D.C.) war der 34. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. — ▪ president of United States Introduction in full  Dwight David Eisenhower  born October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C.  34th president of the United States (1953–61), who had been supreme commander of the… …   Universalium

  • Dwight David Eisenhower — noun United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany; 34th President of the United States (1890 1961) • Syn: ↑Eisenhower, ↑Dwight Eisenhower, ↑Dwight D. Eisenhower, ↑Ike, ↑President Eisenhower •… …   Useful english dictionary

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